Baidyanath Temple: A Divine Destination for Shiva Devotees


Are you looking for a spiritual getaway that will fill your soul with peace and devotion? Then you should visit the Baidyanath Temple, one of the twelve Jyotirlingas of Lord Shiva. A Jyotirlinga manifests Shiva's energy and power and is believed to grant blessings and wishes to the devotees who worship it. Baidyanath temple is also a Shakti Peeth of goddess Sati. The Baidyanath jyotirlinga is referred to as the "Kamana linga." Each year during Sawan, the Sravana Mela occurs, attracting countless devotees who chant “Om Namah Shivay” as they visit Bholenath. These devotees embark on a challenging 100-kilometre journey to offer water from the holy Ganges at Sultanganj to Baidyanath. It is a truly sacred and revered annual tradition.

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History of Baidyanath Temple

Baidyanath Temple is also known as Vaijnath, Baidyanath or Baijnath, depending on where it is worshipped. There are three main claims for the site of Baidyanath Temple:

1. Shri Vaijnath Temple in Parli, Maharashtra. This temple was renovated in 1706 AD by Shiva devotee Ahalyadevi Holkar. It is believed to be the original location of the Jyotirlinga, as mentioned by Adi Shankaracharya in his Dwadasa Jyotirlinga Stotram.

2. Baidyanath Temple in Deoghar, Jharkhand. This temple is associated with the legend of Ravana offering his ten heads to Shiva and receiving the Kamna Linga from him. It is also the destination of the Kanwar Yatra, where millions of devotees carry holy water from the Ganges to offer to Shiva.

3. Baijnath Temple in Baijnath, Himachal Pradesh. This temple is situated on the banks of the river Binwa and dates back to the 13th century AD. It has a unique architectural style and is considered one of the most beautiful temples in Himachal Pradesh.

The devotees of Shiva revere all these temples, which have significance and history. 

Also Read: Trimbkeshwar Temple Where Divinity Flows with Sacred Triveni Sangam

Temple Architecture of Baidyanath

The architecture and design of the Baidyanath Temple blend Hindu and Islamic styles. The temple has a square-shaped sanctum with a lingam, or pillar, of Lord Shiva. The sanctum is surrounded by a circulatory path decorated with beautiful carvings and sculptures. The temple has a pyramid-shaped shikhara or spire that rises above the sanctum. The temple also has a large square mandapa hall, where devotees can offer prayers and perform rituals. The temple complex is surrounded by a stone wall with four gates on each side. 

According to the legends, Ravana, the demon king who abducted Sita in the epic Ramayana, worshipped Shiva at this place to obtain boons, which he later used to wreak havoc on the world. Ravana offered his ten heads, one after another, to Shiva as a symbol of sacrifice. Shiva was pleased and descended to heal the injuries of Ravana. He acted as a doctor and is called Vaidya (doctor). The temple derives its name from this aspect of Shiva. 

Also Read: The Mystery of Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga


The legend behind Baidyanath Jyotirlinga goes back to ancient times when the demon king Ravana, an ardent devotee of Lord Shiva, wanted to take the divine lingam from Mount Kailash to his kingdom in Lanka (present-day Sri Lanka). Knowing this could create chaos and imbalance; Lord Vishnu devised a plan to stop Ravana.

Lord Vishnu appeared before Ravana disguised as a Brahmin boy, and as Ravana was about to reach his kingdom, the boy expressed his desire to relieve himself. Ravana entrusted the lingam to the boy and asked him not to place it on the ground. However, the boy put the lingam on the floor at Deoghar, which is believed to be the current location of Baidyanath Jyotirlinga.

When Ravana returned after relieving himself, he found the lingam firmly rooted to the ground. Despite his best efforts, he couldn't remove it. Ravana was disheartened and tried to uproot the lingam forcefully, causing it to break into pieces. It is believed that the shattered pieces of the lingam fell at different places, which became the twelve Jyotirlingas.

Also Read: Somnath Jyotirlinga The Revered Abode of Lord Shiva

Here are some of the reasons why you should visit Baidyanath Temple:

1. The Power

Baidyanath Temple is said to have immense power and grace that can heal any ailment and fulfil any desire. The name Baidyanath means "the Lord of physicians", and many people come here to seek relief from their physical and mental problems. The temple also has a miraculous well that is said to have curative properties.

2. The Significance

 Baidyanath Temple is not just a place of worship but also a place of learning and culture. The temple has been visited by many saints, sages, poets and scholars over the centuries, who have enriched its spiritual and literary heritage. The temple also hosts many festivals and rituals that celebrate the glory of Shiva and his consort Parvati.

3. The Festivals

Baidyanath Temple is a hub of festivity and joy throughout the year, especially during some auspicious occasions. The most important festival is Maha Shivaratri, which falls in February or March when thousands of devotees throng the temple to offer prayers and abhisheka (ritual bathing) to the Jyotirlinga. Another major festival is Shravan Mela, which takes place in July or August when millions of pilgrims carry holy water from the Ganges in pots called kanwars and walk hundreds of miles to reach the temple. Other festivals include Basant Panchami, Holi, Ram Navami, Dussehra and Diwali.

The Best Time to Visit

While you can visit this spiritual spot any time of the year, it would be best to see it during the winter months between October to March. This is when the weather is pleasant and comfortable, and the crowd is relatively less. You can also avoid the monsoon season - between June and September - when heavy rains may make the roads slippery and muddy.

Also Read: Mallikarjuna Jyotirlinga The Sacred Confluence of Divinity and Devotion

Hotels Near Baidyanath Temple

Here are some of the best hotels near Baidyanath Jyotirlinga in Jharkhand, India:

1. Vaishnavi Clarks Inn

Vaishnavi Clarks Inn is a 3-star hotel with a good location, just a short walk from the temple. It has clean, comfortable rooms, a good restaurant, and a rooftop bar with city views.

2. Hotel Mahadev Palace 

Hotel Mahadev Palace is a 4-star hotel with spacious rooms, a swimming pool, and a spa. It is a bit further from the temple but still within walking distance.

3. Imperial Heights

Imperial Heights is a 5-star hotel with luxurious rooms, a fitness centre, and a rooftop pool with panoramic city views. It is the most expensive hotel on this list but also the most luxurious.

4. Hotel Girija Sunrise 

Hotel Girija Sunrise is a budget-friendly hotel with clean and simple rooms. It is just a few minutes walk from the temple, making it a great option for pilgrims on a budget.

5. Hotel Yashoda International  

Hotel Yashoda International is another budget-friendly option with clean and comfortable rooms. It is located a bit further from the temple, but it is still within walking distance.

How To Reach

Different ways to reach this temple depend on your transport mode and starting point. Here are some of the options:

1. By Air

The nearest airport to the temple is Jay Prakash Narayan International Airport in Patna, approximately 165 km away. From there, you can take a taxi or a bus to Deoghar, which will take around 4 hours. Another option is to fly to Ranchi airport, approximately 140 km from Deoghar, and then take a taxi or a bus to Deoghar, which will take around 3 hours.

2. By Rail

Deoghar has its railway station, which is well-connected to major cities in India. You can take a train to Deoghar railway station from Kolkata, Delhi, Patna, Ranchi, Varanasi, etc. The temple is about 3 km from the railway station, and you can take an auto-rickshaw or a cycle-rickshaw to reach there.

3. By Road

 Deoghar is well-connected to major cities in India by road, and regular buses run to and from the city. You can also drive your car or hire a taxi to reach Deoghar. The temple is about 3 km from the bus stand, and you can take an auto-rickshaw or a cycle-rickshaw to reach there.

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